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Knives are the most important tool in the kitchen - maybe even humanity. There is hardly a greater fascination for a cook than his knife. And hardly a bigger nuisance than blunt blades. Because suddenly a slice of tomato becomes a passata and the chopped herbs pesto.
Kitchen knife has to be sharp and comfortable in the hand. And with proper care, a knife like this can last a kitchen life. Here you will find not only a guide for choosing the right knife for you, but also recommendations for buying your indispensable assistant that can make your kitchen life easy.
Which knife are part of a perfect kitchen knife set?
Everyone who wants to cook should have a selection of different knives. But how to choose the right kitchen knife set from the variety of products? If you do not pretend to be a chef and want a small set of useful knives that suit any kitchen, then you should pay attention to standard kitchen knife set. The standard equipment should consist of a chef's knife, a smaller kitchen knife, a bread knife and a filleting knife. Here you can see which knife is suitable for which purpose:
Boning knife: The blade is narrow and slightly curved. This knife works well to separate fat and tendons from the meat.
Bread knife: Bread can be cut wonderfully with the serrated blade.Chinese chef's knife or cleaver: The blade is almost rectangular here. The knife is suitable for chopping vegetables and herbs.
Filleting knife: This kitchen knife with its narrow, tapered blade is ideal for triggering fish or fruit fillets from citrus fruits.
Paring knife: The blade is straight and usually between 8 and 10 centimeters long. Vegetables can be cut well with this kitchen knife.
Chef's knife: This knife is larger than the all-purpose kitchen knife and has a straight blade. It is suitable for cutting, chopping or weighing vegetables, meat or fish.
Santoku knife: The Japanese knife is also called the knife of the three virtues and cuts meat, fish and vegetables. Santoku is a Japanese blade shape for kitchen knives. The blade is wide and less pointed compared to European knives. Due to the special hardness of the blade, the knife is particularly sharp. If the kitchen knife also has so-called gills, i.e. small notches, very fine slices can be cut.
Peeling knife: The blade is slightly hollowed out. So the knife is good for cleaning and peeling fruit and vegetables.
Ham knife: This kitchen knife has a narrow blade and is suitable for cutting meat.
Paring knife, also called general-purpose knife: vegetables, fruit and meat can be cut well with the pointed blade.
Steak knife: This knife with its sharp and pointed blade is suitable for cutting fried and grilled steak.Universal knife with wave: The wave shape makes the knife perfect for cutting tomatoes or bread rolls.
What is a chef's knife?
The name of this tool does not mean that it was created only for professionals, on the contrary, this kitchen knife can make a chef out of you. A chef's knife is larger than the general-purpose kitchen knife and is used to cut, chop or weigh vegetables, meat or fish. It consists of a shaft for holding the knife and a blade. Chef's knives are often heavy so that they can relieve the arm and hand of heavy work. In order to work ideally with the knife, the blade is between the thumb and forefinger.
What are good knives?
Bad knives differ from good ones in that they are cut or punched out of steel. The knife blade is often heavier than the handle. As a result, the handle is poorly balanced. Good knives are usually forged. The blades are often made of several layers of steel.
A good kitchen knife should cut well, lie comfortably in the hand, so it should be ergonomically shaped and well balanced and as if made from one piece. So you don't feel the transition between handle and blade when cutting.
Ceramic knives are usually particularly long sharp and do not have to be sharpened often. Unfortunately, they break quickly if they fall on the floor.
How to choose your kitchen knife?
First of all, a knife must be comfortable in the hand. You should feel safe with it and dare to use this knife. It is best to take your future kitchen knife in the hand in the hand and try it out. Everyone feels personally whether a knife is too long, too heavy or even too light. Professional chefs often use a blade length of approx. 20 cm. For amateur chefs, a blade length of 16-20 cm is recommended.
The optimal length for a chef's knife corresponds approximately to the length of the forearm. As a rule, the ideal length for a chef's knife is between 20 and 25 centimeters. However, many suppliers also offer chef's knives from a length of 13 centimeters.
How do you recognize a good kitchen knife?
A good knife lies comfortably in the hand and has a good balance.The blade and handle should be connected without gaps so that no liquids can penetrate.The knife should be made from a single piece of steel. Do the breath test! By breathing on the goiter, you can easily see whether the blade has simply been welded to the goiter. When the blades are welded to the bolster, you can see a slight discoloration.A good kitchen knife keeps its sharpness for a long time - this is known as the so-called edge retention.
What material should you choose for your kitchen knife?
The decisive factor for the sharpness and durability is the mixture and composition of the steel. A typical alloy is, for example, chrome-molybdenum-vanadium steel. The type of processing is a quality feature for a good kitchen knife, because these are forged from a piece of steel. It is important that the bolster is well balanced and that the handle and blade are processed seamlessly. Ceramic knives are extremely sharp and keep this sharpness for a long time - but they are extremely susceptible to breakage and damage. If the knife falls, the blade often breaks completely. Professionals therefore rely on alloyed stainless steel.
Where to buy knives?
It is best to buy chef's knives from a dealer you trust like YipFung. Knives from the supermarket are often not of high quality, which can be attributed to the low price and the manufacturing costs. We have been manufacturing knives for more than a year and we know how to make a high-quality knife that perfectly complements your kitchen.
The right kitchen knife care
Always rinse and dry knives by hand. Do not put in the dishwasher. This makes the knives dull. Regular sharpening makes the blade sharp again. It is best to use knives on a wooden board. Porcelain or glass boards make the blade dull faster.
How to sharpen a kitchen knife?
It is important to sharpen the knife regularly. Because even the best knife loses its sharpness over time. Professionals sharpen knives between each cutting process.
As soon as a kitchen knife loses its sharpness, you can help with a sharpening steel. However, a sharpening steel only straightens the blade and does not sharpen it. If this is too complicated for you, it is better to use a sharpening aid - it does not scratch or destroy the blade.
How to store your kitchen knife?
We recommend that you keep appropriate "helpers" such as knife blocks or magnetic strips for storage. Matching drawer inserts for knives are ideal. On the one hand, the blades do not collide and cause damage, on the other hand, the knives are well stowed in one place and easily accessible. If the knives are kept together in the ordinary drawer, they will become blunt because they can knock against each other again and again.
What are the 7 deadly sins when dealing with knives?
Never cut on marble, glass or stainless steel substrates.Cutting and chopping bones is also taboo!Knives do not belong in the dishwasher as the blade is damaged by aggressive cleaning agents.Storage in the drawer is also a NoGo. There the blades come into contact with other devices and are damaged. Unless you use a blade guard.Never use your kitchen knife as a bottle opener or lever to open lids.Sharpen your knife regularly and only with a sharpening steel if you can do it. Otherwise use a wetting aid.Knives with a wooden handle should be dried well after rinsing - otherwise the handle can be damaged.
The final tip of our review is that you can't save on knives. You need to enjoy working in the kitchen and creating new dishes, and this can only be done with high-quality tools. And a large selection of such knives you can find on the Yip Fung website, the manufacturer, who has devoted more than one ready to make the perfect kitchen helpers for you. Buy the best kitchen knife and enjoy not only the result of cooking, but also the process itself with Yip Fung.
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